10 Plants that Start With F

Plants that start with F list

  1. Fagus
  2. Fallopia
  3. Fallugia Paradoxa
  4. Farfugium Japonicum
  5. Fatsia Japonica
  6. Feather Grass
  7. Festuca Glauca
  8. Fetterbush
  9. Ficus
  10. Fig Tree

Are you new to botany, gardening, and horticulture? If you are, then the chances are that you often have some trouble remembering plant names. The best way to remember plant names (or do some research on said plants) is by following an alphabetical list. Please read our guide and find more information on plants that begin with the letter F starting with the Fagus, to the Fig tree.

What is a flower that starts with F?

Forsythia is also known as ‘Golden Bells’, because of it’s swathe of lovely yellow flowers. You know spring has arrived when Forsythia blooms – it’s generally the first shrub to flower in that season.

This deciduous shrub is low-maintenance, so a great choice for a large, sprawling garden. A neutral soil is ideal – plant in a location that gets plenty of sun, and be prepared to prune it back to stimulate productive growth.

Yellow flowers of the Forsythia plant
A beautiful flower that starts with the letter F – Forsythia

Is there a fruit that starts with F?

The Fig Tree bears a delicious fruit shaped like a fat teardrop. When ripe, the fruit splits open to reveal a rich, red pulp splattered with seeds. Figs are very sweet and considered a delicacy in many parts of the world.

Fig Trees are not found everywhere, however. These plants can’t tolerate cold weather so look for them in California in the US, or countries like Portugal, South of France, Algeria and other warmer climates.

Trees that start with F

  1. Florida Torreya
  2. Forbes Cypress
  3. Fetid-shrub
  4. Florida Persimmon
  5. Fraser Fir
  6. Fraxinus Americana
  7. Fire Birch
  8. Florida Yew
  9. Four-needled Pinyon
  10. Fork-leaf Oak
  11. Frigolito
  12. Foothills Pine
  13. Fagus Grandifolia

Video – South Florida plants beginning with F

There are many plants in Southern Florida beginning with the letter F

10 Plants Beginning With The Letter F

1. Fagus

Trees beginning with F - Fagus
Fagus Grandifolia is a species of beech tree.

The North American (or American) beech (the Fagus Grandifolia) is a species of the beech tree native to the eastern USA and Canada’s (extreme) southeast. The deciduous tree grows 52ft to 115ft tall with a smooth, silver-gray bark; dark-green leaves with simple, small, sparse teeth where each vein terminates.

The Fagus can be planted for ornamental purposes, and although it can handle hotter climates, it grows faster and healthier in cooler climates. The Fagus is reputed for slow growth (at times only growing 13ft. every 20 years); however, it can grow even faster given the right conditions.

The North American beech favors well-watered locations that also have great drainage. They are less tolerant of urban pollution, soil compaction, and salt. They also cast a heavy shade (should be planted in spacious locations) and have high moisture requirements.

2. Fallopia

Plants starting with letter F - Fallopia
Fallopia can be in the form of shrubs or vines.

The Fallopia is a genus of around 12 flowering plant species that make up the buckwheat family. The genus is commonly found in the Northern Hemisphere’s temperate and subtropical regions; however, some species in the genus have been introduced in other locations.

Some species in the genus are known to form shrubs and vines. This species, unlike those of the related genus (Duma), its branches don’t have thorn-like tips.

Garden plants beginning with F

Fallopia are extrafloral, which means that they have their nectaries outside of their bisexual flowers. They also produce fruits known as achenes and have three sharp edges. Some species of the plant, including Reynoutria japonica, are quite invasive and often colonize temperate ecosystems, i.e., waste places and roadsides.

Although some Fallopia species are foraged and eaten in Japan, you wouldn’t want them anywhere near your concrete foundations since their roots’ length and strong growth can destroy concrete foundations.

3. Fallugia Paradoxa

Faluugia, or Apache Plant begins with F
White fluffy flowers of Fallugia

Fallugia Paradoxa, also known as the Apache Plant, is a deciduous – semi-evergreen, upright, slender, multi-branched shrub that’s 2ft. to 6ft. tall. The plant has grayish-white pubescent branches, silvery puffs of fruit heads, and white flowers.

It has dark-green leaves with a silver underside and contrasts well with the white flowers and pink plumes (said to resemble the Apache hair dress) characterizing the persistent fruit.

The thick shrubs often appear unkempt; however, their white flowers often make the shrubs look attractive in contrast to the dark foliage. The apache plume can be cultivated easily and can be a great form of erosion control.

Fallugia Paradoxa can germinate easily from fresh seeds that haven’t dried yet. If the seeds are dry, you have to stratify them before you can plant them. You could plant them as ornaments or as forms of erosion control.

4. Farfugium Japonicum

Farfugium Japonicum - plants that start with the letter F
Farfugium Japonicum and it’s variation of small, bright yellow flowers

Farfugium Japonicum is a species of perennial, herbaceous, flowering plants that belong to the family Asteraceae. Other species belonging to this family include Mexican Sunflower (Tithonia), Treasure flower (Gazania flowers), and English daisy (Bellis perennis). You could plant Fallugia Paradoxa in pots or the garden for ornamental purposes (they brighten shaded areas in your garden).

Farfugium Japonicum is mainly grown for its shiny leaves and small but bright flowers. They provide a striking contrast when planted amongst other flowers; the plant has a medium growth rate and forms a loose clump 24″ wide and tall when mature. The plant stays in leaf throughout the year, is hermaphroditic, and fairs well in various growing conditions.

5. Fatsia Japonica

Fatsia Japonica has attractive lobes and starts with F
Fatsia Japonica with it’s distinctive 8 lobes

‘Fatsi’ in Fatsia Japonica is a Japanese word for eight and refers to the plant’s eight leaf lobes. Fatsia Japonica is a perennial shrub that grows from 3ft. to 16ft. tall.

It has stout and sparsely branched stems plus, its leaves have a spiral arrangement, the length is between 20cm to 30 cm and width up to 50 cm long. Its lobes are coarse and with blunt-like teeth at the edges with small white flowers with umbels that bloom at the late stages of autumn.

Fatsia japonica is usually grown as an ornamental plant and can be cultivated in places where winter does not fall less than 15 °C, mostly in areas with warm temperatures. It works well in areas with shades, making it perfect as an indoor plant. It has been proved to efficiently expel Molecular formaldehyde, a gas with an irritating odor.

6. Feather Grass

Hardy plant that starts with leatter F - Feather Grass
Feather Grass looks like it’s name suggests – feathery (which also begins with F!)

Feather grass is originally from Mexico and is also known as Nasella, which is mostly used by gardeners or landscape designers, usually for homesteads.  Nasella is known for its resilience to drought; it is very beautiful, grows in a fountain shape, and has a very fine texture.

Feather grass is very invasive, and it produces seeds in plenty that can be transferred by water or when the wind blows. It can also be dispersed through droppings from animals or soil that is contaminated.

Feather grass blooms in the summer and works well in rocky places, along dry stream beds and landscape stones. Due to its ability to withstand drought, feather grass only needs to be watered once in a while after establishment. It is very easy to grow and requires little maintenance; also, it is pest-free.

7. Festuca Glauca

What grass starts with F? Festuca Glauca
The distinctive clumps of a grass starting with F – Festuca Glauca, or Bluegrass

Festuca Glauca, also known as bluegrass, is a flowering plant found in the grass species Poaceae. It forms a clump when growing and has a fine texture with bluish-grey leaves. It has needle-shaped leaves that are ribbed and form a dome-like shape that looks like a porcupine due to its erect form.

Its length going up and outwards is 14cm to 18 cm, with light green flowers with a tinge of purple that appears on top of the stems during later stages of spring or early summer.

Festuca Glauca works well in well-drained soils under a full sun, which gives its leaves an amazing color. It also grows in dry soil with few nutrients and can tolerate a place with light shade. As much as it is drought resistant, Festuca Glauca manages well when watered at regular intervals. Pruning and dividing clumps are best done in the winter season, although planting from its seeds can also do.

8. Fetterbush

Fetterbush and 'flowers' begin with the letter F
Fetterbush thrives in colonies

Fetterbush, known as Lyonia Lucida, is a type of flowering plant found in the Ericaceae family. It’s an evergreen plant that mostly grows in coastal plains and can grow to a height and width of 4meters to 5 meters. 

Fetterbush has rhizomes that allow for the sprouting of new plants, which creates a colony. The leaves are oval, 10.5 centimeters in length, and have flowers that are cylindrical which are usually pink in color though sometimes red or white.

Fetterbush reproduces by seeds or, in most cases vegetatively, in soils with few nutrients; it sprouts from the rhizomes because it cannot flower.

It does well in soils rich with organic nutrients and high acidic levels, i.e., swamps and under full sun, although it can also grow in dry areas. Fetterbush requires little maintenance, and its bright flowers give color to your garden during the spring season.

9. Ficus

Ficus starts with F and it’s an indoor favorite

Ficus is a group of about 900 species of trees, vines, shrubs, and epiphytes found under the family Moraceae. A group of Ficus is known as fig trees and is found in tropical areas, some extending to zones with semi-warm temperatures.

Some species of fig trees are cultivated for their fruits, i.e., Ficus carica which its fruits are commonly known as figs. Ficus is a source of food normally used as bush food or eaten by wild animals. In some cultures, they are very important because they are used for cultural purposes or worship.

Ficus uses a type of wasp under the family of Agaonidae to achieve its pollination. Different species of Ficus can be very difficult to identify specifically but are easy to recognize because they have a unique shape. These roots are aerial, and their fruits are different from others.

10. Figtree

Figtree with it's green leaves and juicy ripe fruit
Free Food from a Figtree!

Figtree, also known as Ficus Carica, is a type of tree found in the Moraceae family. It produces fruits known as figs that are fit for human consumption. Fig trees are usually small, shrub-like, and can grow to a height of 7 meters to 10 meters. It has a smooth, white back in color with large leaves with three to five lobes.

Its fruits are green and turn to brown or purple when they ripen; the inside is soft, fleshy, and very sweet, with multiple crunchy seeds. The fruits can be eaten when fresh, dried, or processed into finished products, i.e., jams, different desserts, and biscuits.

Trees can be grown in dry and sunny places with fresh soil or in rocky places at a 1700 meters above sea level in elevation. It can flourish in soil with few nutrients and tolerate seasonal drought.


Infographic – 6 plants that start with F

6 popular plants that start with F
6 plants beginning with letter F

Download Infographic for 6 plants beginning with F as PDF


House plants that start with F

  1. False Aralia (Dizygotheca elegantissima)
  2. Ficus Alii (Ficus binnendiijkii ‘Alii’)
  3. Fiber Optic Grass (Isolepis cernua)
  4. Friendship Plant (Pilea involucrata)
  5. Foxtail Fern (Asparagus densiflorus ‘Myers’)
  6. Fiddle Leaf Fig (Ficus lyrata)
  7. Fishtail Palm (Caryota mitis)
  8. Fire Flash (Chlorophytum orchidastrum)

Shrubs beginning with F

  1. Fabiana (Fabiana)
  2. Fuchsia (Fuchsia)
  3. Forsythia (Forsythia)
  4. Franklinia (Franklinia)
  5. Fothergilla (Fothergilla)
  6. Fremontodendron (Flannelbush)
  7. Fallugia (Apache Plume)
  8. Fatsia (Fatsia)

Other resources relating to plants that start with F:

PLANT NAMES THAT START WITH THE LETTER ‘F’

30 Plants and Flowers that Start with “F”

Plants that Start with F

16 Plants & Flowers That Start With F

Clarisse Walters
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