9 Plants That Start With G

Last Updated on December 13, 2022 by Clarisse Walters

9 Plants That Start With G
What flowers start with the letter G?

List of plants that start with G

Here are the main 9 plants that begin with G: 

  1. Gaillardia
  2. Gardenia
  3. Garlic
  4. Guara
  5. Geranium
  6. Gerbera
  7. Giant Reed
  8. Ginger
  9. Globe Thistle

There is a vast amount of plants in the world, so many that it is practically impossible to learn them all! Something that can make it a little easier, is to pick a letter of the alphabet and learn the main plants that have their names beginning with said letter. Just so that you have somewhere to get started! 

And if you pick the letter G…well, there are plenty of plants that start with this letter. From shrubs to flowers, to trees, and even some plants that you use in your everyday life and diet, such as garlic or ginger! There are plenty of well-known plants starting with the letter G, and we’ll talk about some of the most common ones.


The Gaillardia, commonly known as the blanket family, is a genus of flower plants belonging to the sunflower family. Its scientific name is Gaillardia Pulchella, from the Plantae Kingdom, and the Asteraceae family. 

Native to North and South America, this plant was named after Amitre Gaillard de Charentonneau, a French magistrate from the 18th century who was passionate about botany. 

The Gaillardia has a stem that branches upward to a maximum height of around 31.5 inches, with leaves that are alternately positioned. It then has a solitary flower head, with 15 or more ray florets. They can be yellow, orange, red, purple, brown, or white (or a mix of two of the listed colors). 


Gardenia is a shrub that starts with the letter G
Is a gardenia a bush or a tree?

The Gardenia is a genus of flower plants, belonging to the coffee family. Its scientific name is Gardenia Jasminoides, from the Plantae kingdom, and the Rubiaceae family. 

It is native to the tropical and subtropical regions of Asia, Africa, Madagascar, Australia, and the Pacific Islands. The name for the plant was given by Carl Linnaeus and John Ellis, in honor of a naturalist named Dr Alexander Garden. 

Gardenia plants are evergreen shrubs that often look like small trees, growing up to between 3.3 and 49 feet tall. The leaves are in whorls of three or four, measuring around 2 to 20 inches in length, with a dark green color and a leathery texture. 

The flowers are either solitary or grown in clusters, usually a white or pale yellow color. They flower during mid-spring to mid-summer and have a very strong scent. 


Garlic is a species of bulbous flowering plant, closely related to onions, shallots, leeks, and similar. Its scientific name is Allium Sativum, from the Plantae kingdom, and the Amaryllidaceae family. 

It is native to Central Asia, and the northeastern region of Iran, and is one of the most common types of seasoning used in cuisine all over the world, consumed by humans from as early as Ancient Egypt and before. Used as food, and medicine, nowadays 76% of the world’s supply of garlic is produced in China. 

The plant itself is perennial and grows from a bulb. It has a tall and straight stem, which can grow up to 3 feet tall, with flat-leaf blades that are around 1 inch wide. The garlic plant also produces flowers from July to September, which is pink or purple in color. As a general rule, each bulb of garlic will contain between 10 to 20 cloves. 

Gaura varieties

Is gaura a perennial or annual? Gaura is a perennial
The Gaura plant begins with G

Gaura is a genus of flowering plants, native to North America. The scientific name is Gaura lindheimeri, from the Plantae kingdom, and the Onagraceae family. The plant is often commonly known as bee blossoms. It can be annual, biennial, or perennial, depending on the specific type of Gaura, and it often forms dense thickets with stems that reach up to around 6.5 feet.

A lot of Gaura plants are actually regarded as weeds, as they can very quickly take over a habitat, and controlling them can be hard. This is mainly due to the plant’s ability to reproduce from small bits of rhizome left around in the ground.

Even so, Gaura plants are also often planted as garden flowers. These flowers have four upward petals, usually white in color, that are zygomorphic. 


Geranium is a genus of 422 different species of geranium flowers, that can be annual, biennial, or perennial. Mostly native to the Mediterranean region, they can be found all around the world within temperate climates. The scientific name for the Geranium is Geranium dissectum, belonging to the Plantae kingdom, and the Geraniaceae family. 

Geraniums have cleft leaves with broad circular shapes, and their flowers have five petals, in a white, pink, purple, or blue color, they also have very distinctive veining, which is what sets them apart from other flowers with ease. They can be grown very easily, in practically any type of soil, and are very common in gardens as decoration. 

Gerbera plant

Gerbera starting with G
Gerbera varieties

Gerbera is a genus of plants from the daisy family, named after a German botanist known as Traugott Gerber. From the Plantae kingdom, the Gerbera belongs to the Asteraceae family, and it is native to tropical regions of Africa, Asia, and South America. The plant is also very commonly known as the African daisy

Gerbera plants have a large capitulum, with beautiful ray florets that are yellow, orange, white, pink, or red in color. And the capitulum, which looks like a single flower, is actually hundreds of flowers close together! These flower heads can be as small as 2.7 inches, or as big as 4.7 inches. 

Gerbera flowers are incredibly popular within gardens as decoration and are domestically cultivated to be sold for special occasions. They can vary in shape and size, and are so popular that they are actually the 5th most cut flower in the whole world! They are also very attractive to insects such as bees and butterflies, and they also attract birds.

Giant Reed

The Giant reed, scientifically known as the Arundo donax, is a tall perennial cane, and one of many reed species from the Poaceae family. It is also known as the giant cane, elephant grass, the Spanish cane, the wild cane, and Arundo. It is able to grow in damp soil, and it is native to the Greater Middle East.

Nowadays, it is found worldwide, especially in the Mediterranean regions, California, the Western Pacific, and the Caribbean. 

As a general rule, the giant reed can grow up to 20 feet in height, although some have grown to be over 30 feet tall! The stems are hollow, with grey-green leaves that have a hairy tuft at the base. Basically, they look like normal reeds, but giant. 

In the late summer, the giant reed flowers and the fast reproduction can lead it to become quite an invasive species, which is why people should be careful of planting it on purpose, and where they do so. 

Ginger plant

Ginger health benefits are well-known

Ginger is a flowering plant from which is largely used in medicine, and as a spice for food. Its scientific name is Zingiber officinale, from the Plantae kingdom, and the Zingiberaceae family. It is a herbaceous perennial, growing around 3 feet tall with narrow leaf blades. The flowers it bears have pale yellow petals with purple edges, and they grow straight from the rhizome, on separate shoots. 

Related to turmeric, cardamom, and galangal, ginger originated in Southeast Asia, before it was spread around the whole world. Used in many cultures and civilizations throughout the world, and throughout history, ginger is one of the most popular dietary supplements and has been used in medicinal remedies for many common ailments for centuries. Nowadays, India provides the main bulk of ginger supply, worldwide. 

Globe Thistle

Scientifically known as the Echinops sphaerocephalus, from the Asteraceae family and the thistle tribe, closely related to sunflowers, the Globe Thistle is a Eurasian species of thistle. 

This plant is perennial and woolly, with an average height of around 20 to 39 inches. Although it can reach much bigger heights of up to 80 inches or so! It stands upright, with slightly wrinkled and hairy stems that are greyish in their color. They are essentially hairy above, and woolly below. And on top of each stem, you will find disc florets that are white or blue-grey in color, which grows from June until September. 

Pollinated by many different insects, these plants also provide a hairy and cylindrical fruit that becomes ripe between September and October. 

There are many more plants that start with the letter G, but if we went through them all, we might never be done! So if you want to find more, search them up, but the ones we listed are some of the most common and well-known. 


What Flower Starts With A G?

What Flower Starts With A G
Gladiola is another lovely plant that starts with G

There are many flowers whose names start with the letter G. Some of the most common are the Gardenia, the Geranium, the Gaura, the Gaillardia, the Gerbera, and the Gladiolus. 

What Is The Scientific Name For Gardenia?

The scientific name for Gardenia is Gardenia Jasminoides. It is a broadleaf evergreen flower, from the Rubiaceae family. Native to China, Taiwan, and Japan. 

Is Gardenia A Tree?

The Gardenia is a highly popular type of flower, most known for its strong and intoxicating smell, and the delicate growing circumstances it requires. And although Gardenia plants can reach a height of around 8 feet tall, they are shrubs, and not trees.

Gardenias are shrubs, not trees

Resources relating plants that start with G:

16 List Of Plants & Flowers That Start With G (With PHOTOS)

Plants that Start with G – NounsStarting.com

Perennials that start with the letter G | Plant Delights Nursery

Clarisse Walters
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