Do chrysanthemums come back year after year?

Last Updated on May 11, 2023 by Derek

cluster of pink chrysanthemums

Yes, chrysanthemums are perennials and can come back year after year with proper care. They require well-drained soil, regular watering, and full sun exposure to thrive. Pruning in the spring and fall can also promote healthy growth and encourage blooming.

Here are the key takeaways:

Chrysanthemums, or mums, are perennial flowers that can come back year after year with proper care.

Mums are native to Asia and northeastern Europe and have become popular ornamental plants in many parts of the world.

They are known for their wide range of colors and shapes, from daisy-like flowers to pom-poms and spider-like blooms.

Chrysanthemums need well-draining soil, regular watering, full sun exposure, and pruning to thrive.

There are both perennial and annual varieties of chrysanthemums, with perennial types being the ones that last more than one season.

Understanding the differences between perennial and annual plants is important when deciding which type of chrysanthemum is best suited for your gardening needs.

Perennial chrysanthemums can live for several years, while annuals only live for one growing season.

Chrysanthemums, commonly called mums, are a type of flowering plant that belongs to the Asteraceae family. They are native to Asia and northeastern Europe, but have become popular ornamental plants in many parts of the world, including North America and Europe. Gardeners love mums because of their stunning array of colors, shapes and sizes.

They come in a wide range of colors from white and yellow to pink and purple. Some varieties have daisy-like flowers while others have pom-pom like blooms.

Chrysanthemums are believed to have originated in China and were later introduced to Japan in the 8th century. From there, they spread to other parts of the world, including Europe and North America. Today, chrysanthemums are cultivated and enjoyed globally for their beauty and cultural significance.

How to grow Chrysanthemums

Penn State

The popularity of Chrysanthemums

Gardeners love growing chrysanthemums because they offer a burst of color in the garden during fall when most other plants are fading away. Mums can be grown as potted plants or in flower beds or borders. They also make great cut flowers for indoor arrangements.

Do chrysanthemums come back each year?

This is a question that many gardeners ask themselves when deciding whether to invest time and effort into planting these beautiful flowers. The answer lies in the type of chrysanthemum you choose – perennial or annual. If you’re looking for chrysanthemum plants that will last more than one season, then you should opt for perennial types as they come back year after year.

Annual varieties only survive for one growing season before dying off. So if you’re looking for some colorful autumn blooms that will return next year too then perennials are your best bet!

Chrysanthemum Basics

The Rainbow of Colors and Shapes

Chrysanthemums come in a staggering range of colors, from warm yellows and oranges to cool whites, pinks, purples and even greens. There are also chrysanthemums that have petals that are bi-colored or have variegated foliage. And the shapes… oh, the shapes!

Some chrysanthemums have daisy-like flowers with round centers and radiating petals, while others resemble pompoms or balls made of tightly packed petals. There are also chrysanthemums with spider-like flowers that have long thin petals.

Growing and Caring for Chrysanthemums

If you’re interested in growing chrysanthemums in your garden, you’ll be happy to know that they’re relatively easy to care for. They prefer full sun but can tolerate some shade.

Chrysanthemums need well-draining soil and plenty of water – but not too much! Too little or too much water can harm them.

Chrysanthemum Growing Conditions
Plant Common Name Scientific Name US Growing Zone Hardy/Perennial Soil Type Sunshine Requirements Water Needs
Chrysanthemum Chrysanthemum spp. 3-9 Perennial Well-draining, fertile soil Full sun to partial shade Regular watering, moderate drought tolerance

It’s best to keep the soil moist but not waterlogged. Chrysanthemums benefit from being pinched back when they are young to encourage bushier growth.

Deadheading – removing spent blooms – will help promote new growth and flowering throughout the season. As fall approaches, it’s important to stop fertilizing your chrysanthemums so that they can begin preparing for their winter dormancy period.

In colder climates where temperatures drop below freezing, gardeners often cover their plants with a layer of mulch or other protective material to help them survive the winter months. Whether you’re looking to add a splash of color to your autumn garden or simply want to enjoy the beauty of these versatile flowers all year round, chrysanthemums are an excellent choice!

Perennial vs Annual Chrysanthemums

annual and perennia;l examples of chrysanthemums

Understanding the Difference Between Perennials and Annuals

Before we dive into whether or not chrysanthemums come back year after year, we need to understand the difference between perennial and annual plants. Put simply, perennials are plants that can live for several years, while annuals only live for one growing season. Perennials have a longer lifespan than annuals because they have a root system that survives underground during the winter months.

When spring comes around again, they bloom anew from this established root structure. On the other hand, annuals don’t invest in their root system as much as perennials because they only need to survive one growing season.

Chrysanthemum Varieties: Perennial vs Annual

Now, let’s apply this knowledge to chrysanthemums. Some chrysanthemum varieties are perennial – meaning they will come back year after year if cared for properly – while others are annuals and must be replanted each spring.

If you’re looking for a low-maintenance option, then perennial chrysanthemums might be the way to go. They’ll grow new blooms each fall without you having to do much beyond basic maintenance (e.g., watering and fertilizing).

However, it’s important to note that not all types of chrysanthemums are perennials – so make sure you check before planting! In contrast, annual chrysanthemums must be planted fresh each spring if you want them in your garden every year.

While this allows for more flexibility in terms of garden design (since you can plant new varieties annually), it also requires more work on your part since you’ll have to plant them from scratch every spring. Overall, understanding the differences between perennial and annual plants is essential for determining which type of chrysanthemum is best suited for your gardening needs.

Perennial Chrysanthemums

Types of Perennial Chrysanthemums

There are several types of perennial chrysanthemums, each with their own unique characteristics. One popular variety is the garden mum, which produces large blooms in a variety of colors and shapes.

Another type is the Korean chrysanthemum, which has smaller flowers but is more cold-hardy than other varieties. The Shasta daisy mum, a hybrid between Shasta daisies and mums, is another common perennial chrysanthemum that produces white or yellow flowers.

Caring for Perennial Chrysanthemums

To ensure that your perennial chrysanthemums come back year after year, it’s important to give them the proper care. These plants prefer well-draining soil and full sun exposure.

They should also be watered adequately but not excessively. In addition to regular watering and fertilization, it’s important to deadhead spent flowers regularly to encourage more blooms and prevent disease.

It’s also recommended to prune your chrysanthemums in the spring before new growth appears. This helps promote healthier growth and encourages bushiness in the plant.

Make sure your plants are protected from harsh winter weather by adding a layer of mulch around their base. By following these tips for caring for your perennial chrysanthemums, you can enjoy beautiful blooms year after year without having to replant them each season!

Chrysanthemum Pests, Diseases, and Treatments
Pest/Disease Symptoms Prevention Treatment
Aphids Stunted growth, yellowing leaves, sticky residue on foliage Remove weeds, use insecticidal soap or neem oil Release ladybugs, use pyrethrin-based insecticides
Botrytis Blight Grey mold on leaves and flowers Avoid overhead watering, good air circulation Remove affected leaves and flowers, use fungicides
Rust Yellow-orange spots on leaves, powdery substance on underside of leaves Remove weeds, avoid overhead watering Use sulfur-based fungicides

Annual Chrysanthemums

Short-lived Beauties

Unlike their perennial cousins, annual chrysanthemums are short-lived and must be replanted each year. Nevertheless, they remain a popular choice for gardeners who want to add a burst of vibrant color to their gardens in the fall.

Annual chrysanthemums come in a wide range of colors, from bright lemon yellow to deep burgundy red. Some popular annual varieties include the ‘Pompom Mums’, which have small, rounded blooms that resemble fluffy balls, and the ‘Spider Mums’, with their spindly petals that give them a unique look.

Bloom Time and Other Characteristics

Annual chrysanthemums generally bloom from late summer through early fall, providing a burst of color at a time when most other flowers are past their prime. They grow quickly and often reach heights of around 2-3 feet tall. Annuals require frequent watering and fertilizing to maintain healthy growth throughout the growing season.

The Need for Replanting Each Year

One of the main drawbacks of annual chrysanthemums is that they must be replanted each year because they do not survive cold temperatures or harsh winter conditions. Gardeners can choose to plant new seeds or purchase young plants from a nursery or garden center each spring if they want to enjoy these short-lived beauties in their garden again next year.

Overall, while annual chrysanthemums may require more effort than perennial varieties due to their need for replanting each year, they offer stunning beauty in a range of colors and shapes that make them well worth considering for any fall garden display.

Factors Affecting Chrysanthemum Survival

Environmental Factors That Can Impact Whether or Not a Chrysanthemum Comes Back each Year

Many factors can impact whether or not your chrysanthemums come back year after year. One of the most significant factors is the environment. Temperature, humidity, sunlight, and soil quality can all play a role in determining how well your chrysanthemums survive.

Temperature: Chrysanthemums thrive in cooler temperatures, but extreme heat or cold can cause damage to the plant. In the winter months, it is important to protect your chrysanthemums from harsh winds and frost.

Humidity: High humidity can encourage disease development in chrysanthemums. It is essential to avoid overwatering and promote good air circulation around the plant.

Sunlight: Chrysanthemums require at least six hours of sunlight per day to thrive. Lack of sunlight can cause weak growth and poor flowering.

Soil quality: The soil should be well-drained and rich in organic matter for optimal chrysanthemum growth. Soil that is too compacted or lacking in nutrients can affect growth.


Chrysanthemums are beautiful plants that come in many colors and varieties. They are popular among gardeners because they provide a burst of color late into the growing season when many other plants have stopped blooming. Whether you are planting perennial or annual chrysanthemums, it is important to understand how to care for them properly so that they return year after year.

By paying attention to environmental factors like temperature, humidity, sunlight, and soil quality, you increase your chances of success with these lovely flowers. With proper care and attention, your chrysanthemum garden will provide beauty for years to come!

FAQ relating to Chrysanthemums

What is chrysanthemum used for?

Chrysanthemums have been used for medicinal purposes in traditional Chinese medicine for centuries. They are believed to have anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and anti-cancer properties. Additionally, chrysanthemums are popular ornamental flowers used for decoration and in floral arrangements.

Are chrysanthemums funeral flowers?

Yes, chrysanthemums are often used as funeral flowers in many cultures, including in Asia and Europe. In some cultures, however, chrysanthemums are associated with death and are not given as gifts or used in celebratory occasions.

Are chrysanthemums annuals or perennials?

Chrysanthemums can be both annuals and perennials, depending on the species and cultivar. Some varieties are bred to bloom in the first year, and they are treated as annuals. Others are perennials that bloom year after year with proper care.

Will potted chrysanthemums come back every year?

Potted chrysanthemums are typically sold as annuals and are not expected to come back every year. However, with proper care and attention, it is possible to keep them alive and have them bloom again the following year.

Can I plant my mums in the ground?

Yes, mums can be planted in the ground as long as the soil is well-draining and the location receives adequate sunlight. It is important to plant them in the spring or early summer so that they have time to establish roots before the winter.

Can mums be left in the ground over winter?

Yes, mums can be left in the ground over winter, but it is important to provide them with adequate protection. This may include mulching the soil around the plants or covering them with a layer of straw or leaves.

Will mums survive winter if planted in ground?

Yes, mums can survive winter if planted in the ground as long as they are well-established and receive proper care. It is important to provide them with adequate protection from the cold, such as mulching or covering with a layer of straw or leaves.

Will fall mums come back if planted in the ground?

Fall mums can come back if planted in the ground, but it depends on the variety and the climate. Some varieties are hardier than others and are more likely to survive the winter and bloom again the following year. Adequate protection and care during the winter months are important for the plants to survive and thrive.

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