Plants That Start With E

Last Updated on April 23, 2023 by Derek

Learn about plants starting with the letter E, including Ebony trees and Eve’s needle cactus. Discover their features, uses, and how to care for them.

Despite how hard you try, it can feel like learning about all the plants in the world and how to look after them is deliberately difficult, like scientists and gardeners are playing a mean-spirited trick on you.

Fortunately, there are a few ways you can separate all the world’s plants in a way that your brain can manage. We’ve decided to go in alphabetical order!

List of plants beginning with the letter E

Here is a list of the plants that start with E featured in this article:

  1. Ebony plant
  2. Eve’s needle cactus
  3. Escallonia
  4. Earthball
  5. Exochorda
  6. Euphorbia
  7. Empress tree

In this article, we will share with you a whole range of plants that start with the letter ‘E’.

Ebony Plant

Plants That Start With E
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Also known as the Ceylon Ebony tree, this kind of Ebony tree grows mainly in Southeast Asia, in the countries of India, Sri Lanka, and Indonesia.

This plant can grow into quite a large tree, reaching heights of anywhere from 65 to 80 feet, potentially dwarfing other kinds of trees that make up their tropical jungle canopies by 15 to 25 feet in of themselves. The trunk of these can be huge too. And this isn’t even the biggest type of ebony tree out there!

Ceylon Ebony Tree Growing Conditions
Plant Common Name Scientific Name US Growing Zone Hardiness Zone Soil Type Sunshine Requirements Water Needs
Ceylon Ebony Tree Diospyros ebenum 9-11 Hardy in USDA zones 10-11 Well-drained soil Full sun to partial shade Regular watering

What Ebony trees are really known for is their iconic dark wood, which ranks amongst the darkest in the entire world. Not only is it hardwood, which means it sinks if placed in deep enough water, but their world makes for some of the highest quality material to work with, as well as being incredibly strong and water-resistant.

This is what made the tree so popular for making the best furniture between the 16th and 19th centuries. They were so sought after, that they have been pushed to the brink of extinction in many parts of the world where they used to grow.

Many regions have since brought in-laws to help stop these trees from being cut down and turned into timber. In Sri Lanka for example, it is illegal to sell or buy any kind of ebony wood.

Eve’s Needle Cactus

Eve’s Needle Cactus begins with C
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A native to the countries of Argentina and Bolivia, this kind of cactus succulent plant is also known as Eve’s Pin.

In their natural habitat, these cacti can grow very tall for their group, reaching up to 12 feet sometimes in height. Their stem is usually only a couple of inches wide in diameter, very rarely growing thicker than 2 to 3 inches.

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Eve’s Needle Cactus Growing Conditions
Plant Common Name Scientific Name US Growing Zone Hardy or Perennial Soil Type Sunshine Requirements Water Needs
Eve’s Needle Cactus Austrocylindropuntia subulata 9-11 Perennial Well-drained soil Full sun to partial shade Sparse watering

The flowers these plants grow will start to bloom in the middle of spring, although many are also known to open and grow through to the middle of summer. They are a very deep red, with a flush of yellow or deep orange at the center in many specimens. They are shaped like cups, and will often grow at the ends of the cacti’s branches.

The flowers that Eve’s needle cactus grow do produce fruit that is edible for humans, but do be careful: The fine hairs that cover them can be very stinging to the touch, so you may want to remove as many as you can before biting down on these. The fruit produces a lot of seeds that grow in the middle of the fruit too, which are great for starting your own little cactus farm with!


Bushes that start with E - Escallonia
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Escallonia Growing Conditions
Plant Common Name Scientific Name US Growing Zone Hardy or Perennial Soil Type Sunshine Requirements Water Needs
Escallonia Escallonia spp. 7-10 Evergreen Shrub Well-drained soil Full sun to partial shade Regular watering

Originally growing in the wilds of South and North America, Escallonias are now grown in gardens and greenhouses across the world, popular for their bright flowers of a huge range of different shades, from purple to pink, to white.

If you want to grow Escallonia for yourself, you have quite a few options that you can do with this beautiful little plant. It can either be grown in a pot to make a beautiful flourish in the early to mid-summer. You can grow them as a hedge shrub, where they can grow up to a pretty tall size. Hedge examples of this lovely flowering plant can be anywhere from 5 to 10 feet tall!

These plants can grow in a whole range of soils and places and are very hardy flowers for you to grow in your open garden. Still, if your area does go below 23 degrees Fahrenheit, you may want to consider leaving this plant in the greenhouse if you still want one of these.


Earthball - a fungus that starts with letter E
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Earthball Fungus Growing Conditions
Fungus Name Scientific Name Habitat Growing Season Soil Type Sunshine Requirements Water Needs
Earthball Fungus Scleroderma spp. Woodlands, fields, and pastures Late summer to early winter Well-drained soil Partial to full shade Moist soil

Also known as a poison puffball, or the common earthball where it grows, these little fungi are common across the United Kingdom, especially around Fall and Wintertime. Don’t let their warted, mushroom-like appearance fool you though: These are not the edible kind of fungus people can eat.

These plants tend to grow in boggy or swampy areas, or in the soil where the acid content is especially high. They don’t have a normal stem-like other fungus but instead have roots that go directly into the soil below them, making them look a little like potatoes when they have been pulled out of the ground.

As these little fungi mature, they will eventually split open, revealing their dark purplish inside, where their spores can be found, which are the same color.

Because of the way they feed on and absorb nutrients and microscopic organisms, earth balls and other related fungi have been used to inoculate tree seedlings, so that they have the best possible chance when their seeds sprout. 


Exochorda bush beginning with letter E
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Exochorda Growing Conditions
Common Name Scientific Name USDA Hardiness Zones Sunlight Requirements Soil Requirements Watering Needs Fertilization
Pearl Bush Exochorda spp. 4 to 8 Full sun to partial shade Well-draining soil Regular watering Annual fertilization in spring

Sometimes also called the Pearl Bush, Exochorda is a kind of flowering plant that was first found and grown in Central Asia and China, and have since become popular across the world for their bright white flowers that bloom in early summer, and their relative ease to grow when compared to other small families of plants found in only a few locations across the world.

These deciduous plants can grow pretty tall for shrubs, as they can reach 6-10 feet tall in some bigger examples. They are popular in gardens because they are not toxic to people, or house pets, or very little wildlife in a lot of places where they are grown.

They also have very few diseases that they are susceptible to, which makes them an even better candidate to grow in your own home. Just make sure that a hungry caterpillar doesn’t find its way to your leafy plant, and make sure that your soil drains well.

They also survive periods of cold very well too. Some examples of the Exochorda plant, in colder seasons, have been known to survive cold snaps as low as 5 degrees Fahrenheit! Now that’s one hardy little flower you’ll be able to grow in your own garden!


Succulents starting with E - Euphorbia
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Euphorbia Growing Conditions
Common Name Scientific Name USDA Hardiness Zones Sunlight Requirements Soil Requirements Watering Needs Fertilization
Spurge Euphorbia spp. 3 to 11 Full sun to partial shade Well-draining soil Low to moderate watering Once a year in spring

For a resistant flowering plant, let us take a look at the Euphorbia family of flowering plants, also known as Spurges. The name used is actually applied to a lot of different families of plants that all share a few things in common. They can come as some perennial bushes, shrubs of all shapes and sizes, or even as trees.

Many of these plants are actually a kind of succulent, able to hold onto water in the driest of conditions. They’re so good at retaining water, many kinds of Euphorbia have actually been confused to be a kind of cacti, even though they share very little in common!

It’s this quality that makes them quite a popular plant of choice when growing in warmer, hardier climates. Whether they are grown in the ground as a hedge shrub or a tree, or as little succulents to keep in a pot that require very little attention for the most part.

And their somewhat toxic nature also makes them resistant to a lot of grazing animals like deer taking a bite out of them. If you are looking for a plant that animals won’t touch, you should consider this hardy family.

Empress Tree

Trees starting with letter E - Empress Tree
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Empress Tree Growing Conditions
Common Name Scientific Name USDA Hardiness Zones Sunlight Requirements Soil Requirements Watering Needs Fertilization
Empress Tree Paulownia tomentosa 5 to 9 Full sun to partial shade Well-draining soil Regular watering Twice a year in spring and fall

This beautiful flowering tree is native to the areas in and around Western and Central China. Also known in places as the Princess tree, the Empress tree can be one of the most beautiful trees that can be grown in temperate climates.

With a large canopy, and wide and stocky trunk in the older specimens, the beautiful purple flowers they will grow in spring, and growing incredibly fast for the sizes they can grow up to, they have been a very popular tree for people to grow, especially for trees that will grow in height very quickly.

These trees have a very wide root system, which has been known to cause problems for surrounding structures like pathways, and even buildings in some cases.

However, because they grow so fast in the surrounding area, and because they reach maturity after just a few years, they can be a hassle to manage and grow once their root system is established, which they can also grow through if their main trunk is destroyed.

They are actually considered something of an invasive species in the United States, so it is not recommended that you get lulled in by the fast growth and pretty lavender flowers. This tree might be more trouble than it’s worth in the long run.

Video – Empress Trees, one of the tree starting with E

Empress tree begin with the letter E

Frequently Asked Questions

Plants have a strange family history, where many specimens that look like each other are actually very distantly related. Because they adapt to the areas they live in through evolution, many plants will develop characteristics that look and behave a lot like other plants, even though they have very little else in common.

This is why some species of Euphorbia have been mistaken for kinds of Cacti, as we previously mentioned, but have very little else in common.

Are There Any Kinds Of Flowering Plants That Start With H?


Most of the plants we covered in this list are part of the group of plants we call ‘deciduous’, where they mainly spread through their pollen and flowering plants.

The biggest exception on this list is the Earthball, which is actually not technically a plant, even though they are often considered plants.

Can I Grow An Empress Tree In My Backyard?

As we talked about previously. Empress trees can be an absolute nightmare to deal with if they get out of control. They grow much quicker than other plants, and their seeds and roots can spread the plant across a very large area they normally wouldn’t be found in when out in the wild.

Not only that, but their roots have a tendency to wreak havoc in their soil, pushing out smaller plants and damaging all sorts of this you might be trying to grow in your garden. If you are looking for a fast-growing tree species, you’ll want to look elsewhere.

Other resources relating to plants that start with E:

Perennials that start with the letter E | Plant Delights Nursery

Plants that Start with E –

20 Plants and Flowers that Start with “E” – Home Stratosphere

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