Last Updated on February 24, 2022 by Clarisse Walters
If you are new to gardening, botany, or horticulture you may find that remembering plant names can be pretty hard. One great way to remember plant names, or simply to research plants, can be to follow alphabetical lists.
List of plants that begin with M:
Here is a list of all the plants that start with M featured in this article:
- Mint (Mentha)
- Myrtus (Myrtle)
Is there a flower that starts with an M?
Marigolds are probably the best know flowers beginning with the letter M
Plants That Start With Letter M – Names and pictures
Read on to learn more about plants that begin with M, from Magnolias to Myrtus.
What’s a plant that starts with an M? – Magnolia
Magnolia is a great place to start as it is an ancient plant, archaeologists have found fossilised specimens of Magnolia that date back over 20 million years and other specimens belonging to the Magnoliacae family date back even further to over a 95million years ago.
This means that the Magnolia plant even predates bees. As a result, many plant historians theorize that Magnolia may have evolved in order to encourage the beetles to pollinate plants.
Is magnolia a tree or a flower?
In modern horticulture, Magnolias span both shrubs and trees and have a plethora of varieties to choose from. Growing a Magnolia is an investment for your garden as they are pretty slow growing and potentially take 10-20 years to reach their optimal growth.
Magnolias generally prefer acidic to neutral soil, which is worth knowing when planting in the earth but small or young magnolias will grow well in pots until they reach a certain size. Pick a spot that gets a lot of sun in order to encourage flowering, and avoid frost even in the spring.
Mahonias are a genus of shrub (although some are identifiable as trees) that have over 70 varieties. Mahonias are quite similar to the Berberis plant which has similarly spiky leaves and interesting berry fruit.
At one point there was a bit of a stir in the botanical and horticultural communities about whether Mahonias should simply be identified as Berberis due to their morphological similarities. Modern DNA studies, though, have found some subtle differences in the plant’s respective biologies that classify them as separate genuses.
Is a mahonia good in shade?
In North America, the Mahonia plant is colloquially referred to as the ‘Oregon Grape’ due to the distinct blue berries that grow during the plant’s flowering period. If you have a dry shady area that needs filling then Mahonia is the plant for you. They are extremely robust and can withstand great amounts of cold weather.
In the winter they produce amazing flowers and fragrances. They can grow quite large when left to their devices. Rabbits love Mahonias, so bear that in mind when planting.
The Malva plant, sometimes called ‘Mallow’ in English varieties, is a herbaceous perennial and biennial plant that is indigenous across Africa, Asia, and Europe. In the Americas, where the plant isn’t native, they are regarded as an invasive weed.
Malva Tea – Can you eat Malva?
Malva flowers are very beautiful and come in many colours, their herbaceous leaves make them perfect for adding height to borders. Malva is technically edible, and in Turkey, many of their leaves are used in salads as well as other culinary uses. As the plant is biennial its seeds will disperse as the plant reaches the end of its life.
What is Malva good for?
The plant is one of the earliest recorded in literary history By third-century Physician Diphilus as well as Horace, both of which refer to the plant in culinary terms. Historically, the plant is used for culinary and medicinal purposes across early Asia but is more popular for ornamental purposes in modern times.
What is commonly referred to as ‘Mint’ refers to the ‘Mentha’ genus of plants. The two most recognisable species of this genus are Mentha spicata (spearmint) and Mentha piperita (peppermint).
Mint plant benefits
They are of the Lamiacaea family which also groups plants such as sage, almost all of this family are perfumed and have strong smells as well as both culinary and medicinal uses.
Mentha is almost exclusively a perennial plant, this means that it will last over a year. They are extremely fast-growing and with little care could easily become quite invasive. With some species of Mentha being more invasive than others, their roots spread pretty wide and you could have a mint bush before you know it.
Although growing mint can be beneficial to your garden as they can be quite good at repelling certain pesky insects while attracting beneficial insects. You can harvest mint at any time, their leaves are sweeter when young (depending on variety) and some species have small white to purple flowers.
Mint plant uses
The plant has many uses from menthol tea to wide culinary applications.
The Mimosa genus of plants is a super interesting plant that is commonly referred to as the ‘shame plant’ or ‘touch-me-not’. It is a creeping plant that is of the legume family Fabaceae. It is native to the tropical Americas but can also be found across Asia and Australia where it is regarded as an invasive weed.
What will the Mimosa plant do if you touch it?
The reason the Mimosa genus has received so much interest is from the plant’s interesting reaction to touch, which makes it particularly curious. For instance, the Mimosa pudica has a defence mechanism, similar to a Venus Fly Trap, that makes the plant retract rapidly when touched, earning the plant its interesting colloquial names and myths. ‘Pudica’ is Latin for ‘bashful’ or ‘shrinking’.
As a result, in modern horticulture, the plant is mainly grown for its curiosity.
The Miscanthus is a genus of reliable grasses, specifically silver grass, that is historical of African, Eurasian, and Pacific regions. The grass grows interesting foliage that changes over the summer and becomes darker and brown in the winter.
Is Miscanthus easy to grow?
In comparison to other ornamental grasses, Miscanthus will grow well in most soils which makes it popular to fill out borders. Miscanthus doesn’t really enjoy being too wet as it can cause the grass to rot especially in the winter. The plant grows best during a hot summer where certain cultivars can grow pretty tall.
While deciduous, the leaves should stick around during winter, providing interest while your garden is bare. Most varieties are native to China but have become increasingly popular in Britain within borders. Miscanthus is great for making Christmas wreaths.
Monarda is a genus of flowering perennial plants that are endemic to North America. They are named after the famed Spanish botanist Nicolás Monardes, who wrote an important piece of botanical literature about plants in the ‘new world’. Perhaps surprisingly, the Monarda genus is actually of the Lamiacae family, like Mint and Sage.
Many Monarda cultivars have some beautiful flowers which are cultivated in borders and beds for their pollinator attraction and good looking flowers. Many Monarda genuses, five to be exact, have been awarded AGM classification, the RHS’ Award of Garden Merit.
Being from the Lamiaceae family, they have many medicinal and culinary uses in different cultures. Monarda has a useful essential oil that is similar to mint. It was used extensively by Native American tribes, which is why it remains endemic to North America. The plant can flower into late August so can stick around for a decent part of the year depending on the variety.
Why are Myosotis called forget-me-not?
The Myosotis is commonly referred to as the ‘forget-me-not’ and is a genus of the Boraginaceae family. The name forget-me-not is translated from the German compound Vergissmeinnicht and was first used by Henry IV of England in 1398 AD.
The flowers of the plant are popular and appear mid-summer, as a result, the flower is mainly grown for ornamental purposes. The morphology of the flower is very recognisable, with five petals around the pistil.
The plant’s flower is so recognisable that it has been used as a symbol and emblem for various parties and movements around the world. It was originally used as a Freemason emblem in the early 1900s, until it was repurposed by the Nazis, after the Second World War it was again reclaimed by the Freemasons.
It is also used as a memorial emblem to many different regional memorial movements for those who died in the Second World War.
Myrtus is a genus of plants commonly referred to as Myrtle, it has a myriad of uses across culinary, medicinal, and rituals. Common Myrtle or ‘Myrtus communis’ is native across the Mediterranean and Asian continents. Myrtus is a shrub or tree, that is evergreen and has star-like flowers, an essential oil, and berries.
Where should I plant myrtle?
Myrtle is a half-hardy plant that enjoys full sun, if protected by a wall during the winter seasons it can persevere and flowers appear only in July/August.
In Gardening usage, Myrtle is a great hedge plant that smells great and is ornamentally recognisable in many parks across the world as it is easily maintainable for a shrub. Certain species have earned the RHS’ AGM merit. In the Mediterranean, the shrub is used across the region in many culinary uses.
What is Myrtus communis used for?
It can be turned into a liqueur as well as using its berries to impart aroma to the meat. Medicinally, Myrtle has medical properties that are scientific as well as hermetic. Myrtle appears in many of the writings of Hippocrates, Pliny, and Dioscorides.
What’s more, in Jewish liturgy Myrtle is one of the four sacred plants of Sukkot and is used in Jewish rituals such as Jewish weddings and other feasts.
Video – Easy plants to grow that begin with M:
Indoor plants that start with M
- Malvaviscus arboreus Paquito Pink
- Microgramma heterophylla
- Mackaya (asystasia) bella
- Malvaviscus arboreus
- Maranta repens
- Malpighia coccigera
- Maranta leuconeura kershoveana variegated
- Maranta leuconeura massangeana
- Maxillaria tenuifolia
- Manettia inflata
- Malvaviscus germanderii Fiesta
- Malvaviscus arboreus mexicanus
Shrubs beginning with M
Perennials beginning with M
- Philadelphus aff. calvescens
- Monk’s Hood