Last Updated on May 18, 2023 by Derek
Stipa Gigantea, also known as Golden Oats or Large Grass, thrives in well-draining soil and requires full sun for optimal growth. It can reach up to 6 feet tall and spread up to 3 feet wide. This perennial plant is ideal for warm regions and adds a striking element to gardens with its golden-hued oat-like flowers.
What is Stipa Gigantea?
Stipa Gigantea is an ornamental grass that hails from Southern Europe (Spain), and it’s also commonly known as Golden Oats or Large Grass. It is a magnificent specimen that can add a striking element to any garden or outdoor space. The plant boasts oat-like flowers that sway in the wind and are golden yellow-hued, which adds a radiant aura to any garden.
This plant is evergreen, meaning it will retain its lush greenery even during the leaf-shedding time of autumn or fall. Stipa Gigantea is a grass-type of vegetation which can grow up to 6 feet tall and spread up to 3 feet wide.
Due to its height and characteristically golden hue, this plant looks best when planted as a border or edge alongside other flowering plants. Stipa Gigantea requires well-draining soil and should be planted in full sun for optimal growth.
It’s also best grown in areas with summer climates as the hot months promote year-round bloom, which makes it an excellent addition for gardens in warm regions. This perennial plant is an enduring flower that persists throughout the seasons, making it perfect for those who want long-lasting vegetation in their landscape design.
Stipa Gigantea, also known as Golden Oats or Large Grass, is a stunning ornamental grass. It belongs to the Stipa genus and is considered a long-lasting plant for any outdoor space.
The evergreen grass has oat-like flowers that sway elegantly in the wind, creating a radiant display of yellow-hued foliage that sparkles in the sunshine year-round. The Stipa Gigantea thrives in most environments and is perfect for borders or landscaping projects.
Its persistent herbaceous nature makes it an enduring flower that requires minimal maintenance but delivers maximum beauty. One of the best things about this flowering plant is that it provides an ideal boundary or demarcation for different areas in your garden or botanical garden.
During autumn, when most plants shed their leaves, Stipa Gigantea stands tall and proud with its golden aura illuminating even the darkest corners of your landscape. As an evergreen grass, it maintains its greenery throughout all seasons providing much-needed growth and flora to your horticultural space.
The genus species of this magnificent plant is truly remarkable; not only does it boast aesthetically pleasing blooms but it’s also beneficial to our environment. The oat-like flowers produce grain which can be used as cereal, oatmeal or porridge.
It’s not often we find such a beautiful specimen that serves as both a visual treat and as a sustainable resource during summer months. Stipa Gigantea’s genus species has proven to be one of nature’s most exquisite creations; a gift to those who appreciate floral displays with year-round bloom potential while also delivering practical benefits as an ornamental grass producing grain crops for human consumption.
Stipa Gigantea Appearance
Stipa Gigantea is an ornamental grass, commonly known as golden oats, large grass, or even evergreen grass. This long-lasting plant is a persistent herbaceous that provides year-round bloom and adds aesthetic value to any garden or outdoor space.
The oat-like flowers on top of the graceful stems make it a standout specimen in any floral display. Stipa gigantea is a large grass species that can reach over six feet in height and up to four feet wide.
Its leaves are thin and green, providing a border to its magnificent golden blooms. The division between the greenery and the floral display is clearly demarcated, making it an ideal choice for those who appreciate fine distinctions in their landscape design.
During the hot months of summer, Stipa gigantea thrives in a warm season with plenty of sun. Despite its size, it’s not difficult to grow because it doesn’t require much attention once established.
As a perennial plant with enduring flowers, it does not need to be replanted every year like some other seasonal plants. In autumn when many plants start shedding their leaves, Stipa Gigantea remains radiant with its golden hue still shining through until winter arrives.
It’s like having your very own harvest season all year round! Overall, Stipa gigantea’s appearance makes for an excellent addition to any garden or landscape design if you’re looking for something unique yet low maintenance that will remain beautiful throughout the year.
How to grow Stipa Gigantea
|Plant Common Name||Scientific Name||US Growing Zone||Hardy/Perennial||Soil Type||Sunshine Requirements||Water Needs|
|Stipa Gigantea||Stipa gigantea||5-9||Hardy||Well-draining||Full sun||Low to moderate|
Stipa Gigantea, commonly known as the Golden Oats or Large Grass, is an ornamental grass with oat-like flowers that can add a radiant touch to any garden. If you are looking to grow this golden-hued specimen in your outdoor space, here are some tips that will help you achieve a year-round bloom. First and foremost, Stipa Gigantea is a long-lasting plant, which means it’s essential to choose the right location for it.
The plant requires plenty of sunlight to thrive; therefore, it’s best to plant it in a sunny spot during hot months or summer. Also, ensure you give it sufficient space as the grass can grow quite large and should not be cramped up against other flora.
When planting Stipa Gigantea in your garden or horticultural space, ensure that the soil is well-draining and porous with good moisture retention. The perennial prefers moist but not overly wet soil as too much water can lead to root rot.
To improve drainage on poorly drained soils, add grit or sand when planting. Stipa Gigantea requires minimal care once established.
It doesn’t require frequent watering and fertilizing as its roots penetrate deep into the ground for nutrients. However, be sure to remove dead blooms regularly for aesthetic purposes and also cut back old foliage in autumn before new growth commences.
Growing Stipa Gigantea in your garden can bring beautiful floral displays that add life and beauty into landscapes. Proper care during planting will ensure your ornamental grass thrives throughout the year without attracting pests like mealybugs or spider mites that are common among some varieties of oats.
Stipa Gigantea Propagation Tips
Stipa Gigantea is a spectacular ornamental grass that can add golden hues and radiant textures to your garden.
It is an evergreen grass that produces oat-like flowers and puts on a stunning floral display during the summer months. However, if you want to increase the number of Stipa Gigantea plants in your outdoor space or horticultural area, you need to know some propagation tips.
The first thing you need to keep in mind is that Stipa Gigantea is a perennial plant, which means it is long-lasting and enduring. This also means that it may take some time for new plants to establish themselves and start growing vigorously.
Therefore, patience is key when propagating Stipa Gigantea from seeds or divisions. To propagate Stipa Gigantea from seeds, you need to wait until the end of the summer or early autumn when the plant has finished flowering and started shedding its leaves.
Collect the oat-like flowers from the plant and let them dry in a warm and dry place for a few days. Then, gently crush them with your fingers to release the seeds from their husks.
Once you have obtained the seeds, prepare a bed or border with well-draining soil that receives full sun exposure during most of the day. Sow the seeds thinly on top of the soil and cover them lightly with more soil or compost.
Water them gently but thoroughly and keep them moist until they germinate. Propagation by division is another option for increasing your Stipa Gigantea population.
In late winter or early spring, when new growth starts emerging from the base of mature plants, dig up clumps of rhizomes (underground stems) along with their roots attached using a sharp spade or knife. Carefully separate individual plantlets by teasing apart their roots without damaging them too much.
Then replant these specimens in well-draining soil at least 18 inches apart and water them well until they are established. Propagating Stipa Gigantea can be a rewarding process that allows you to enjoy more of its persistent herbaceous beauty year-round.
However, it requires some patience, attention to detail, and specific conditions such as full sun exposure and well-draining soil. Whether you choose to propagate by seeds or divisions, always remember to give your Stipa Gigantea specimens enough time and care to thrive in your garden or botanical space.
Stipa Gigantea Quick Care Overview
Stipa gigantea, also known as golden oats, is an ornamental grass that can add a touch of radiance to any outdoor space. With its golden-hued oat-like flowers and evergreen foliage, it is perfect for meadows, pastures, and even borders.
But like any plant, it requires proper care to thrive and maintain its beauty throughout the warm season. First and foremost, Stipa gigantea requires ample sunshine to grow.
It is a sun-loving plant that needs a minimum of six hours of direct sunlight per day during the hot months. If planted in a shady spot or under the canopy of larger plants, it may not flourish as well or produce as many flowers.
So make sure to choose an area in your garden or landscape where it can bask in full sun. When it comes to soil requirements, Stipa gigantea prefers well-draining soil with plenty of organic matter.
It does not tolerate wet feet for extended periods and can quickly become waterlogged if planted in heavy clay soils. A good rule of thumb is to mix compost or other organic matter into the soil before planting to improve drainage and provide nutrients.
As far as watering goes, Stipa gigantea is relatively drought-tolerant once established but still requires regular watering during the summer months when rainfall may be scarce. Don’t overwater this ornamental grass; otherwise, you risk causing root rot or fungal disease that may harm your specimen.
A deep but infrequent watering schedule is best for this plant. Stipa gigantea is an excellent addition to any garden or outdoor space with its golden blooms and evergreen foliage year-round bloom throughout autumn equinoxes if maintained properly through the summer months.
It needs plenty of sunshine and well-draining soil with occasional deep watering when rainfall isn’t sufficient enough for growth progression yet not too much water so it won’t develop root rot or fungal diseases. So be sure to give your Stipa gigantea the proper care it needs, and it will reward you with radiant golden hues for years to come.
Stipa Gigantea Light Requirements
When it comes to light requirements, Stipa Gigantea is a plant that is not too picky. In fact, it’s quite tolerant of most light conditions.
While it does prefer full sun, which is defined as 6 or more hours of direct sunlight per day, it can also grow in partial shade. However, if you want to get the most out of your Stipa Gigantea, I would recommend planting it in an area that receives plenty of sunlight.
Nothing beats a golden-hued ornamental grass swaying in the breeze under the warm rays of the summer sun. If you’re looking for a plant that can add life to your garden during autumn or fall when most plants are shedding their leaves and preparing for winter, then Stipa Gigantea should be at the top of your list.
This plant blooms from early summer all the way through fall with its oat-like flowers turning golden towards harvest season. The radiant yellow-hued flowers create a stunning contrast against other plants and foliage in your horticultural space.
Stipa Gigantea can also be grown as a border or edge plant since it has an enduring flower and persistent herbaceous nature. Its long-lasting year-round blooms make for an attractive demarcation within any garden landscape.
Moreover, its tolerance towards different light conditions makes it easy to fit into any design scheme without worrying about where to place it according to sunlight availability. So go ahead and add this beautiful grass specimen to your outdoor space today!
Stipa Gigantea Soil Requirements
If you’re looking for an ornamental grass that’s as golden as the sun itself, look no further than Stipa gigantea, or golden oats.
This large grass is a stunning plant that can add a touch of aureate radiance to any border, edge, or boundary. But if you want your Stipa gigantea to shine like the star specimen it is, you need to make sure you’re giving it the right soil.
First and foremost, Stipa gigantea loves well-draining soil. In fact, this evergreen grass will quickly become waterlogged and start to rot if it’s planted in heavy soil that doesn’t drain well.
So when you’re choosing a spot for your golden oats in your garden or outdoor space, make sure it’s not in an area that tends to stay wet for long periods of time. But don’t assume that just because Stipa gigantea likes well-draining soil means it should be planted in sand or gravel.
In fact, this large grass prefers soils with some organic matter mixed in for optimum growth and year-round bloom. So consider adding some compost or other organic material to the planting hole before setting your specimen into place.
Keep in mind that Stipa gigantea isn’t too picky when it comes to nutrients. This oat-like flower doesn’t need much fertilizer beyond what’s already present in the soil.
However, if you find that your plant isn’t growing as quickly or producing as many blooms as you’d like, consider giving it a light feeding of a balanced fertilizer once per season during the warm months of summer. With these simple tips for soil care under your belt, your Stipa gigantea will be thriving and shining bright even during the hot months of summertime!
Stipa Gigantea Potting and Repotting
When it comes to potting and repotting Stipa Gigantea, there are a few things you need to keep in mind. First and foremost, make sure you’re using the right type of soil.
This ornamental grass prefers well-draining soil that’s on the sandy side, rather than heavy clay soils or those that are too rich in nutrients. I’ve found that mixing in some sand or perlite can help improve drainage and prevent waterlogging.
Another important consideration is the size of the pot. Stipa Gigantea has a fairly shallow root system, so you don’t need to worry too much about depth.
However, it does like space to spread out its roots horizontally, so choose a wide pot rather than a deep one. This will also help prevent the plant from becoming top-heavy and tipping over.
When it comes time to repot your Stipa Gigantea, aim to do so in late winter or early spring before new growth begins. Gently loosen the roots from their current container and transplant into fresh soil in a slightly larger pot if necessary.
While this plant is fairly low-maintenance overall, it does benefit from periodic division every few years to keep it healthy and vigorous. Use a sharp knife or garden shears to separate clumps into smaller sections with several stems each before replanting them separately.
Overall, potting and repotting Stipa Gigantea isn’t rocket science – just make sure you’re using well-draining soil, providing plenty of room for roots to spread out horizontally rather than down deep, and dividing every few years as needed for optimum health and growth. With these simple steps under your belt, your golden oats should thrive year-round!
Cutting Back Stipa Gigantea
When it comes to cutting back Stipa Gigantea, there are some key things to keep in mind. First and foremost, timing is everything.
You don’t want to cut back this ornamental grass too early, or you risk losing those beautiful oat-like flowers that give it such a distinctive look. On the other hand, if you wait too long, you may miss your window of opportunity altogether.
In my experience, the best time to cut back Stipa Gigantea is in the autumn or fall. This is after the plant has finished flowering and before winter sets in.
By cutting it back at this time of year, you’ll be able to enjoy its beautiful golden hues for a little while longer before it sheds its leaves for the season. When it comes to actually cutting back your Stipa Gigantea, there are a few different approaches you can take.
Some people prefer to use secateurs or pruning shears to carefully snip away any dead or damaged growth. Others opt for a more dramatic approach and simply use a pair of hedge trimmers to give the entire plant a quick haircut.
Personally, I tend to favor the latter approach for two reasons: first of all, it’s faster and easier than using hand tools; and secondly, I find that cutting the plant back quite hard encourages more vigorous growth in the springtime. Of course, if you prefer a more naturalistic look in your garden borders or landscapes then feel free to take a gentler approach – just be aware that this may mean sacrificing some flowering potential next year!
Stipa Gigantea Temperature Requirements
Stipa gigantea is a golden-hued ornamental grass that can withstand extreme temperatures.
This large, evergreen grass is a great choice for gardeners looking for a persistent herbaceous plant that can endure year-round bloom. Stipa gigantea is one of those long-lasting plants that will keep your garden looking radiant, even during leaf-shedding time or the fall equinox.
Stipa gigantea has low temperature requirements and can tolerate a wide range of temperatures. Even in the harshest winters, this enduring flower will continue to flourish.
During the hot summer months, Stipa gigantea thrives in full sun and will add a touch of warmth to any landscape. The oat-like flowers of Stipa gigantea are also an excellent choice for sunny borders and edges.
If you live in areas with harsh winters or hot summers, then Stipa gigantea is the perfect ornamental grass for you. This specimen plant will not only withstand extreme temperatures but also add beauty to your landscape all year round.
Plant it in your garden or lawn as a border or boundary, and watch it grow into a beautiful golden oasis. If you want an enduring flower that doesn’t require much maintenance and can withstand harsh temperatures, then look no further than Stipa gigantea.
This golden oats-like grass is perfect for those who want an evergreen meadow or pasture on their property. With its long-lasting foliage and floral display during summer months, you’ll be able to enjoy the beauty of this remarkable plant throughout the year!
Stipa Gigantea Humidity Requirements
As a native of the Mediterranean region, Stipa gigantea is well adapted to the dry conditions of its homeland. This means that it prefers low humidity levels and can tolerate periodic droughts with ease.
In fact, overwatering this plant can be detrimental to its health and can lead to root rot if not controlled. When growing Stipa gigantea in outdoor spaces such as gardens or horticultural spaces, it is important to keep in mind that this plant thrives in drier environments.
If you live in an area with high humidity levels, you may want to consider planting Stipa gigantea near plants that require more moisture so that it does not get suffocated by excessive humidity. However, if you are growing Stipa gigantea indoors or in a more controlled environment, such as a greenhouse or a botanical garden, you will need to take extra care to ensure that the humidity levels are kept low.
You can achieve this by using dehumidifiers or by ensuring good ventilation throughout the space where the plant is being grown. While many plants require high humidity levels to thrive, Stipa gigantea is not one of them.
If you are looking for an enduring flower that can withstand long periods of drought and low-humidity environments while still providing year-round bloom and adding greenery and growth to your landscape or outdoor space, then Stipa gigantea is definitely worth considering. Just make sure to keep its humidity requirements in mind when growing it either indoors or outdoors.
Watering Stipa Gigantea
When it comes to watering ornamental grasses, many people tend to overdo it. But with Stipa gigantea, less is definitely more.
This large grass is quite drought-tolerant and prefers dry conditions, so be sure to give it a good soaking only when the soil around it is completely dry. Over-watering can lead to root rot and other fungal diseases that can ruin your beautiful plant.
It’s also important not to water from above as this grass doesn’t like wet foliage. Instead, use a hose or watering can to water at the base of the plant.
This will ensure that the water goes directly to the roots where it’s needed most. During hot summer months, you may need to increase watering frequency a bit, but never let the soil become soggy or water-logged.
In extreme heat and drought conditions, Stipa gigantea may go dormant until cooler temperatures and rainfall return in autumn. Don’t forget that proper drainage is key when it comes to growing Stipa gigantea successfully.
Make sure your soil has good drainage properties and avoid planting in areas prone to standing water or flooding. With these simple watering tips in mind, you’ll be able to enjoy a healthy and thriving specimen of this enduring flower for years to come!
Fertilizing Stipa Gigantea
If you want your Stipa gigantea to grow into a lush and healthy specimen, you need to fertilize it properly. Fertilizers are essential in providing plants with the necessary nutrients they need to survive and thrive.
The right type of fertilizer can make a world of difference in the growth and development of your ornamental grass. When it comes to fertilizing Stipa gigantea, there are several things you need to keep in mind.
First, it’s important to choose the right type of fertilizer. You’ll want one that’s high in nitrogen, as this nutrient is crucial for promoting leaf growth in grasses.
Look for a fertilizer that has an N-P-K ratio of around 3-1-2 or 4-1-2. Secondly, timing is everything when it comes to fertilizing Stipa gigantea.
|Organic slow-release fertilizer||Apply in early spring and midsummer according to package instructions|
|Compost or well-aged manure||Apply a 2-inch layer around the base of the plant in early spring|
|Granular balanced fertilizer (10-10-10 or 14-14-14)||Apply in early spring and midsummer, following package instructions for dosage|
It’s best to apply fertilizer during the warm season when the plant is actively growing. This is typically during the summer months when there’s plenty of sun and warmth.
Be careful not to over-fertilize your Stipa gigantea. Too much fertilizer can actually harm the plant and cause it to become weak and susceptible to pests and diseases.
Use a slow-release fertilizer sparingly throughout the growing season for optimal results. If you want your Stipa gigantea to flourish into a golden-hued exemplar of ornamental grasses, proper fertilization is key.
By choosing the right type of fertilizer, applying it at the appropriate time, and using it sparingly throughout the growing season, you can ensure that your plant will be healthy and radiant year-round. As with all flora in your garden or landscape design—fertilize wisely!
Pest Control Tips For Stipa Gigantea
As beautiful and radiant as Stipa gigantea may be, it is not invulnerable to pests and diseases. Despite its tough and resilient nature, this ornamental grass requires adequate pest control to maintain its golden hue and strong growth.
Here are some tips for keeping pesky pests at bay. Firstly, it’s important to keep an eye on your Stipa gigantea for signs of infestation.
Look out for any yellowing or browning of the leaves, as well as any chew marks or holes in the foliage. These could indicate the presence of aphids, spider mites or caterpillars.
To get rid of these pests, simply spray your plant with a mixture of water and insecticidal soap. Another common pest that can plague Stipa gigantea is the whitefly.
These tiny insects can quickly spread throughout your lawn or meadow if left unchecked. One way to prevent their spread is by introducing natural predators such as ladybugs or lacewings into your garden.
You can also try using sticky traps to catch them before they do any serious damage. Be sure to keep your garden clean and tidy to prevent pests from taking up residence in dead plant material or debris around your Stipa gigantea.
|Aphids, Slugs||Crown rot, Leaf spot||Poor drainage, Overwatering|
Regularly remove fallen leaves and cut back dead stems or foliage from nearby plants in autumn/fall during leaf-shedding time/ equinox/. By doing so you will ensure that there is no habitat for these pesky critters to thrive in.
Ultimately, with a little bit of vigilance and preventative pest control measures you can easily maintain a flourishing golden oat-like floral display with Stipa gigantea year-round bloom/. Not only will it make for a stunning specimen in your garden/, but also provide a vital habitat for beneficial insects who keep other harmful pests at bay./
Stipa Gigantea Common Problems
Stipa Gigantea is a low-maintenance ornamental grass that can be a beautiful addition to any garden or lawn.
However, like any plant, it is not immune to problems. Here are some common problems that you may encounter when growing Stipa Gigantea:
Firstly, Stipa Gigantea is prone to rust disease which causes yellow or orange spots on the leaves and stems. This disease can weaken the plant and affect its growth.
If you notice this problem, it’s best to remove the affected parts of the plant and dispose of them in the trash. Do not compost them as this can spread the disease.
Secondly, Stipa Gigantea can be susceptible to root rot if it is planted in poorly-draining soil or over-watered. If you notice that your Stipa Gigantea is turning brown and wilting even though it has been watered regularly, root rot may be the cause.
To prevent this problem from occurring, ensure that your soil drains well and do not over-water your plant. Stipa Gigantea can sometimes suffer from insect infestations such as mealybugs or aphids.
These pests can suck sap from the plant causing stunted growth and yellowing leaves. To control these pests, you can use insecticidal soap or neem oil spray.
However, always read label instructions before using any chemical treatment on your plants. While Stipa Gigantea is generally an easy-to-care-for plant with few problems when grown in optimal conditions such as well-draining soil and adequate watering; rust disease, root rot and insect infestations are some of the most common issues plaguing this ornamental grass species which should not be ignored by growers who want healthy flora in their gardens or lawns!
Growing Stipa Gigantea can be a rewarding and satisfying experience for any plant enthusiast.
This magnificent plant with its golden-hued oat-like flowers is the perfect addition to any garden or landscape. Whether you choose to plant it in a border, meadow, or even as a specimen in a botanical garden, it will bring instant radiance and beauty.
If you follow the growing conditions outlined in this article, your Stipa Gigantea will thrive and produce year-round blooms. As an enduring flower and persistent herbaceous plant, it is well known for its long-lasting life cycle.
Its foliage remains evergreen throughout the year making it an excellent choice for those who enjoy gardening in autumn or fall when other plants are shedding their leaves. However, perhaps one of the best things about Stipa Gigantea is its ability to adapt to various growing conditions.
It can tolerate both high and low temperatures while maintaining its golden-yellow hue. Whether you prefer hot months or cooler weather conditions or want to grow it in a potting container rather than outdoors in your lawn or pasture field, Stipa gigantea remains an all-time favorite.
Whether you are looking for a stunningly beautiful ornamental grass that adds joy to your outdoor space all year round or searching for an excellent grain option for your culinary needs such as oats cereal or porridge; Stipa Gigantea is the perfect representative of greenery that meets all these criteria. The golden oats indeed live up to their name by being sturdy yet graceful plants that make them stand out from other perennial grasses.
FAQ relating to Feathergrass
Where is the best place to plant Stipa gigantea?
Stipa gigantea thrives in full sun and well-drained soil. It is best to plant it in an open area where it can receive ample sunlight throughout the day. The soil should be loose and free from weeds to ensure proper growth and development.
How do you grow Stipa gigantea?
To grow Stipa gigantea, start by preparing the soil. Loosen it and remove any weeds or debris. Sow the seeds in either spring or autumn, ensuring they are spaced apart to allow room for growth. Water the seeds regularly but avoid overwatering, as Stipa prefers a moderately moist environment. Provide adequate sunlight to support its growth.
How do you take care of a Stipa plant?
To take care of a Stipa plant, it is important to water it moderately. Avoid overwatering, as Stipa prefers well-drained soil. Pruning can be done in late winter or early spring to remove any dead foliage and maintain its neat appearance. Regular monitoring and maintenance will ensure the plant’s health and vitality.
Where does Stipa grow?
Stipa is native to Europe, Asia, and North Africa. It can be found in various habitats such as grasslands, meadows, and prairies. Its adaptability allows it to thrive in diverse climatic conditions, making it a versatile plant suitable for many regions.
Is Stipa grass invasive?
No, Stipa gigantea is not considered invasive. While it can self-seed and spread, it generally does not pose a significant threat to native plant populations. However, it is still important to monitor its growth and prevent excessive seeding to maintain a balanced ecosystem.
Is a Stipa plant a perennial or annual?
Stipa gigantea is a perennial plant, meaning it lives for multiple years. It forms clumps of grass-like foliage and produces tall flowering stalks, adding beauty to the landscape year after year. Its perennial nature makes it a long-lasting and reliable choice for gardeners and landscaping purposes.